Jigsaw learning in class is only possible if you have social skills. Leadership, decision-making and trust-building are all essential social skills. e. Group processing Members discuss how they reach their goals and maintain an effective working relationship. They also describe the actions of other members and decide what to do next. The Jigsaw Technique allows students to be exposed to new material while taking personal responsibility. This technique helps students develop cooperation and teamwork skills. It also provides a deeper knowledge than if they were to learn the material alone. It is quite common for students to misunderstand the material because they are expected to report their findings to the home group.
Jigsaw Technique: Advantages and Drawbacks
The jigsaw method, as mentioned before, helps teachers relate the material to disadvantages. These will be as follows:
Jigsaw Technique: Advantages
The jigsaw technique has many advantages:
1. Because the students are unique, it ensures that the student is a participant.
2. Because students practice peer teaching, it helps them to understand the content better than they do when asked to produce for an exam.
3. Because each student can contribute meaningfully to the discussion, which is something that can be difficult in group discussions, it has a positive effect on students’ attitude towards learning. Every student gains expertise and shares valuable information. Students must communicate and cooperate.
4. This allows students to comprehend the text. Students must prepare for their answers to a particular question. To ensure adequate student preparation, students are given a task. Students must plan how they will share what they have learned. Each member of the group must work together to achieve a common goal. Each member depends on the other. Communication and cooperation are essential because each member cannot succeed without the other.
Jigsaw Technique’s Disadvantages
The jigsaw technique has its disadvantages:
1. It takes a long time to train students for the task of assigning them to groups. Because they are heterogeneous, they must learn how to work together in groups and with other participants to accomplish the tasks. However, one leader among their members dominates in a group that fails. They cannot work together in a group if they cannot do so.
2. It takes time to create a heterogeneous group in their abilities. One student acts as the leader and is responsible for fair participation and spreading it evenly. Responsibility for the information they provide. Students work with students from different groups working on the same section of the report. Students who can join the other group or add it to their group will be mentioned as bad members, and this event will show heterogeneity.
3. Because the teacher is the facilitator in reading jigsaw activities and monitors class activity, it takes a long time to organize the seating. The teacher must float between groups during the activity to observe and help the participants.